Monday, February 27, 2017

Month 7 Week 1

Allusion Examples in Shakespeare and Other Literature
Note: You can basically find allusion on every page of Shakespeare. I dare you. Open up a Shakespeare book, point to a random page, and see if you can find the allusion.

Gallop apace, you fiery-footed steeds,
Toward Phoebus’ lodging. Such a wagoner
As Phaeton would whip you to the west
And bring in cloudy night immediately. – Romeo and Juliet

Allusion Examples in Rap

I’m full strength like a Cyclops‘s eye drops,
I got support like high-tops.
– Ugly Duckling, Left Behind.
“The side lines is lined with casualties
Who sip the life casually, then gradually become worse
Don’t bite the apple, Eve” -Jay-Z
“Now who’s the boss? Not Tony Danza.” -Malik B of the Roots
“Coming from the deep black like the Loch Ness,
now bring apocalypse like the Heart of Darkness.” – Talib Kweli
“My rep grows like the nose of Pinocchio,
Just because I’ve mastered the art of braggadocio.” -Akrobatik
“This is the point of no return and nobody can stop it
Malcolm Little when he knelt before Elijah Muhammad
The comet that killed the dinosaurs, changing the earth” –Immortal Technique
“Tonedeff’s slays giants,
as if my legal name’s David.” -Tonedeff
“But now we’re facing more poverty,
It’s the most we’ve seen since 1993.
We need to turn this thing around: Michael Vick,
But a recession could be headed for a double dip.”

Allusions aren’t just in the realm of words; they can also exist in images. This mural by Diego Rivera makes numerous allusions to the conquistadors’ arrival in Latin America, and the pain that followed. How many allusions can you spot? 

Diego Rivera Mural


  1. The Picture portrays slavery. One scene is that of several slaves being bought. Another scene includes a group of slaves marching in a line. Slaves are also shown doing labor, such as cutting down trees. Then, slaves are seen hanging on tree branches, dead. Then, the cycle begins again, with more slaves being bought.

  2. Well, I had to flip through several pages, but I did eventually spot a good allusion. It is in Act One, Scene 4 of Romeo And Juliet (in the literature textbook, in fact):

    "You are a lover. Borrow Cupid's wings
    And soar with them above a common bound."

    The character of Mercutio is quite obviously alluding to Cupid of classical mythology, an iconic representation of love and desire, in his attempts to cheer up Romeo.

    As far as the mural goes, there is a lot to observe. The most gruesome allusion is likely the natives being hung from trees in the background, possibly by the same rope they're using to pull down said trees. In fact, there is quite a lot of rope imagery in the mural, as it is used to tie up natives and animals alike in strikingly and sickeningly similar fashions. Religious imagery is abundant as priests run around, crosses in hand, overseeing every aspect of daily life--which is rather fitting for the real time period. The chief at the top left corner looks to be enduring what may be some sort of joint knighting-ritualistic offering, as he is forcefully converted to the Catholic faith.

  3. Wow! This mural by Diego Rivera is indeed filled with incredibly dramatic allusions, some subtle and some more obvious, to the conquistadors’ arrival in Latin America. First, the horrific scene in the bottom left corner shows an Indian being branded by the Spanish conquistadors, as they often were. The scene with the cross in the upper left corner illustrates the first religious service that was held on the Veracruz coast. Furthermore, the most prominent allusions that stand out to me are of the Indians. Many are being hanged; many others are being whipped. These are allusions to how the Indians were kept in line and/or punished brutally and unkindly. The Indians are being put to work, and many are bent-backed and carrying heavy burdens, alluding to the exhausting work that the Indians had to do as slaves of the Spanish. A few Indians are taking pick axes to the cliff side, alluding to the gold-mining that the conquistadors forced the Native Americans to do. There is even an Indian being hanged upside down from a tree directly behind where the aforementioned religious ceremony is taking place, which in my opinion says something about conquistadors and their religion - perhaps that they (and their ministers) were still cruel, even though they were faithful to God. There is also a minister holding up a cross (near the middle upper area of the mural); he is probably preaching to the Native Americans, which alludes to how the Spanish were constantly trying to force the Indians to convert to their religion. Additionally, the Spanish are herding animals. This is an allusion of how the Spanish brought many new things - especially animals - with them to take over Latin America and make it theirs. I am sure that there are many more allusions to be found, but these are the ones that caught my eye. :)

  4. The mural is very expansive, but all of the themes tend to intertwine to represent the enslavement of the Native Americans. The most obvious aspect of this is the Indians being delegated to slavery, while the white men did nothing except socialize amongst each other and control the Indians. Examples of power over the Indians include them hanging from trees, the Native American priest who is worshipping the cross (which is not a part of Indian culture / religion), and the white men who are impaling the Indian's eye in the bottom left corner. All of the allusions in the picture tend to refer to the expanse of power of the white men over the Natives.

  5. The sadness in the views of the sheep in the bottom right is a sign that it is a time of depression. the people being threatened with sword shows that there is fear in the air. the slaves in the background carrying the log once again shows that it is a time of depression.

    1. I found your response very interesting. I didn’t even think so much about the sheep in the bottom right corner because I was so focused on the people in the image.

  6. The allusions that I spotted were the branding of the Native American in the bottom left corner, the people hanging from the trees in the top middle, and the slave trade in the bottom middle. If you look in the bottom right the animals look sad and hungry, in the top left you can see an Native American chief involved in a ritual, and in the upper right region of the painting you can see the Native Americans used as a slave work force. Over all this is a very depressing painting.

  7. I see a native being tortured sending a message of terror and sadness to the other natives. Natives being hung from trees which says stay in line or be hung. The native giving gold and jewels to pay so their people aren't in slaved shows dessperasion to save their people.

  8. In Act 3, Scene 5 of Shakespeare's Macbeth, Shakespeare alludes to Hecate, the Greek goddess of witchcraft.

    Diego Rivera's painting depicts the torture that the Indians experienced. Many were hanged, whipped, punished, put to backbreaking work, and forced to mine for gold, as portrayed in the painting. Furthermore, Indians were forced to give up their treasures, which the conquistadors used to buy more land or trade amongst themselves. The Indians were often branded, as shown in the lower left corner of the painting. Additionally, the Spanish are herding animals, which shows that they introduced many new animals to Latin America. The scene with the cross in the upper left corner illustrates a religious service. The minister or a friar is holding a cross in the middle of the painting, most likely trying to force the Spanish people’s religion onto the Indians. The Spanish also forced the Indians to fell the trees, thus “civilizing” not only the Indians but the landscape and the forest in Latin America.

  9. There are many examples of allusion in the mural by David Rivera. You can spot the first example in the very front of the mural where a trade between two men is evident. As you look further out on the mural, you can see the Latin Americans being treated as slaves and eventually dying by being hanged. You can also see trees being cut down at the right of the mural. Also, if you look on the water, you can see boats coming on shore, representing the conquering of the Latin Americans.

  10. In this mural by Diego Rivera there is a lot going on that it is hard to see everything. I think the most important allusion appears in the forefront of the image in the center, Cortez, with his wife and blue eye child, is exchanging money with a traitor. In this photo it shows three Indian traitors. You can tell that they are traitors because they have a white mask on dressed in nice clothing but still wear Indian jewelry, sandals, and feathers. Behind Cortez there is an Indian who is branded on the face to show that he is a slave. On the left of them there are two white men holding an Indian. One of the men is branding another Indian. In mid image on the left side. There is a priest holding a bible standing next to a cross. Behind the cross there is an Indian chief holding a small cross in his hand getting himself converted to Christianity. Behind the priest there is a woman who looks to be crying. In the background of this image there are Indian men being put to work and some hung on trees. These Indians are being treated like mules while a priest in the center is holding up a cross, possibly trying to convert them.

  11. This mural has many allusions. The ones that stood out most to me were of the many hangings on the trees, whippings near the trees, branding of a slave in the bottom left corner, and enslavement.

  12. I was able to spot natives being mistreated, for example being hung from the tree in the back of the picture.

  13. The mural has many allusions, such as Europeans enslaving Indians, trading and buying new goods, and enforcing their power and dominance. Also, the priest has a slave bowing at his feet which shows how they forced their religion upon the Native Americans.

  14. In the corner of this painting there seems to be a white flag which seems to be an allusion of surrendering, it is also attached to a spear which indicates they were surrendering in the heat of battle.

  15. In this mural i believe that a main allusion would be the English men are taking over a Indian tribe and making them become slaves and torturing them or killing them by hanging them from the trees in the top of the mural.

  16. There are many allusions in this mural by Diego Rivera, but one of the most significant ones is seeing the slaves beaten and forced to do hard labor. Which the English men probably used to send a message of fear to the rest of the natives.

  17. This mural by Diego Rivera definitely has many grisly looking allusions. The first one I noticed was all the natives being hung in the back of the mural. You can also see the natives being taken as slaves, where they will be forced to work under brutal conditions. For example. the picture depicts many slaves chopping down trees, carrying heavy loads of wood, and being whipped (most likely for their lack of strength and speed). This mural clearly reveals the inhumane labor the conquistadors forced upon the natives.